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Cambodia Essential Information

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Area
181,035 sq km (69,900 sq miles).

Population
14,800,000 (UN estimate, 2005).

Population Density
81.7 per sq km.

Capital
Phnom Penh.
Population: 1,169,800 (2005).

Government
Constitutional monarchy since 1993.
Head of State: King Norodom Sihamoni since 2004.
Head of Government: Prime Minister Hun Sen since 1998.
Recent history: The authoritarian, extreme-left KPK (Kanakpak Pracheachon Kâmpuchéa -Cambodian People’s Party) remained in Government following the 2003 elections, suggesting
that Cambodia was, to some extent, still dominated by an authoritarian regime hiding behind the veneer of democratic practice. Further symptoms of turbulence include the recent abdication of King Norodom Sihanouk in late 2004, who abdicated due to old age and frail health, but also, he claimed, because of the worry of more violence in a land still traumatized by Pol Pot’s brutal rule in the 1970s, without a clear succession. This event diagnosed the nation’s widespread and continuing fears and frictions. Last-minute legislation had to be administered since the constitution did not permit abdication and, eventually, the nine-member throne council appointed his son, Norodom Sihamoni, as the new King. King Norodom Sihamoni has vowed to remain politically neutral and open to ideas from all Cambodians. Only time will tell if the succession marks a new, more optimistic, era for Cambodia.
Legislative power belongs to the 120-member National Assembly, which is popularly elected for a term of five years. Executive power is vested in the Cabinet of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. The King holds the post of Head of State.

Language
Khmer is the official language and spoken by 95 per cent of the population. Chinese and Vietnamese are also spoken. French was widely spoken until the arrival of the Pol Pot regime and is still taught in schools, but English is now a more popular language to learn among the younger generation.

Religion
90 per cent Buddhist (Theravada), the remainder Muslim and Christian. Buddhism was reinstated as the national religion in 1989 after a ban on religious activity in 1975.

Electricity
220 volts AC, 50Hz and two-pin plugs are in use. Power cuts are frequent. Outside Phnom Penh, electrical power is available only in the evenings from around 1830-2130.

Telephone
IDD is available to Cambodia. At present, outgoing international calls cannot be made. Country code: 855. Phnom Penh code: 23. Prepaid telephone cards are available in post offices, hotels and supermarkets for public phones around Phnom Penh and Siem Reap.

Mobile telephone
Roaming agreements exist with a few international mobile phone companies. GSM 900 and 1800 networks cover Phnom Penh.

Internet
Available in some areas. Internet cafes are available in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap.

Post
Airmail to Europe takes four to five days, and seven to 10 days to the USA. The Post & Telephone Office (PTT) in Phnom Penh is l


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